how to thread brother sewing machine

How To Thread Brother Sewing Machines

Threading a Brother sewing machine correctly is crucial for achieving professional-quality stitches and preventing frustrating issues like tangled threads or skipped stitches. Here’s a concise overview of how to thread a Brother sewing machine:

  • Raise the needle to its highest position
  • On the spool pin, put the thread spool.
  • Ensure the thread passes through all the thread guides and tension discs.
  • The horizontal thread guide above the needle should have the thread passed behind it.
  • Use the needle threader or thread the needle manually from front to back
  • Pull the thread through the needle, leaving a 6-inch tail
  • Under the presser foot, guide the thread towards the back.

You’ll be well on your way to flawless sewing projects by following these steps precisely. Are you ready to master the art of threading your Brother machine?

Preparing the Machine for Threading

Before you begin threading, it’s essential to ensure your Brother sewing machine is properly set up. Using the hand wheel or needle position button, raise the needle to its maximum position. This will create the necessary slack for threading. Next, lift the presser foot to open the tension discs and make way for the thread.

Winding the Bobbin

Winding the Bobbin
Photo credit: freepik

Most Brother machines have a built-in bobbin winder, making it easy to wind bobbins directly on the machine. To wind the bobbin:

  1. Begin by placing the thread spool onto the spool pin.
  2. Follow the guide markings and wrap the thread around the bobbin winder tension disc.
  3. Engage the bobbin winder by sliding the bobbin winder shaft to the right and pressing the foot controller. The machine will automatically wind the bobbin with the correct amount of thread.

Inserting the Bobbin

Once your bobbin is wound, it’s time to insert it into the bobbin case. Consult your machine’s manual for specific instructions, as the process can vary slightly between models. In most cases, you would need to put the bobbin inside the case with the thread unwinding in a clockwise direction. After that, you should pull the thread through the slot and place it under the tension spring.

Threading the Upper Thread

Now that your bobbin is in place, you can focus on threading the upper thread. This process is relatively consistent across Brother sewing machines, but always double-check your manual for any model-specific variations.

  1. Ensure that the spool pin has the thread spool placed on it and that the spool smoothly unwinds.
  2. Kindly adhere to the markings on your machine and direct the thread through the thread guide and tension discs.
  3. Thread should be passed behind the horizontal thread guide that is positioned above the needle.
  4. Use the built-in needle threader or thread the needle manually from front to back.
  5. Pull the thread through the needle, leaving a 6-inch tail.
  6. Guide the thread underneath the presser foot and lead it towards the back of the machine.

Adjusting Thread Tension

Proper thread tension is key to achieving consistent, high-quality stitches. Most Brother machines have adjustable tension dials or knobs that control the upper and bobbin thread tension. Consult your manual for the recommended tension settings based on the type of fabric and stitch you’re using.

If you notice issues like looping or bunching on the underside of your fabric, it’s likely a tension problem. Slightly increasing or decreasing the tension can often resolve the issue. Finding the ideal tension for your project may require experimentation and adjustment. Achieving the desired outcome may require experimentation and mistakes before finding the right approach.

Tips for Successful Threading

  • Use high-quality thread that is appropriate for your project and fabric.
  • Keep the area around the bobbin and tension discs clean and free of lint or debris.
  • Replace the needle regularly to prevent snagging or skipped stitches.
  • If you encounter tangled threads, carefully untangle and rethread from the beginning.
  • Consult your machine’s manual or online tutorials for model-specific guidance.


How often should I rethread my Brother’s sewing machine?

It’s generally recommended to rethread your machine whenever you start a new project, change thread colors, or encounter issues like skipped stitches or tangled threads.

Can I use any type of thread in my Brother sewing machine?

While most Brother machines can accommodate a wide variety of thread types, it’s best to use high-quality thread specifically designed for sewing machines. Avoid using thread for hand sewing or embroidery, as it may not feed properly through the machine’s tension discs.

Why is my thread bunching or looping underneath the fabric?

This is often caused by incorrect thread tension. Adjust the upper and bobbin thread tension according to your machine’s manual or until the stitches look even on both sides of the fabric.

How do I know when it’s time to replace the needle on my Brother sewing machine?

Needles should be replaced regularly, typically after every 8 hours of sewing or when they become dull, bent, or damaged. Continuing to use a damaged needle can cause skipped stitches, fabric damage, and even thread breakage.

My machine keeps jamming or skipping stitches. What could be causing this?

Various factors, including improper threading, a dull or damaged needle, incorrect thread tension, or lint buildup in the bobbin area can cause thread jams and skipped stitches. Always start by rethreading your machine and checking the needle, then consult your manual for further troubleshooting.


With proper threading technique and a little practice, you’ll be able to achieve professional-quality stitches and enjoy a seamless sewing experience with your Brother machine. Happy sewing!


Main image: pexels

Priti Nandy
Priti Nandy
Articles: 249

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