How To Thread a Brother Sewing Machine

How To Thread a Brother Sewing Machine

Have you ever struggled to properly thread your Brother sewing machine, leading to tangled threads, skipped stitches, and frustrating sewing sessions? Learning how to correctly thread a Brother sewing machine can save you time, headaches, and ruined projects. While it may seem intimidating as a beginner, threading a Brother machine is actually quite simple if you familiarize yourself with the various parts and follow some easy step-by-step instructions.

In this detailed guide, we’ll overview the critical components of threading a Brother sewing machine, provide a step-by-step tutorial for upper and lower threading, share tips for avoiding errors, and troubleshoot any threading issues you may encounter. Let’s get started!

An Overview of Brother Sewing Machine Parts

To understand the threading process, it helps to be familiar with the main parts of a Brother sewing machine. The critical components involved include:

Upper Threading Parts

  • Spool Pin: This is where you place the spool of thread to feed the thread into the machine. It is located at the top of the sewing machine.
  •  Thread Guide: The metal loop that guides the thread from the spool into the tension spring.
  •  Tension Spring: Helps control thread tension. The thread must wrap around it correctly for optimal tension.
  •  Take-up Lever: Pulls thread from tension spring to create proper stitch formation. Rises and falls with the sewing machine needle.
  •  Needle: Where threaded thread finally passes through to reach the bobbin thread and form stitches.

Lower Threading Parts

  • Bobbin: Small spool that holds lower thread for stitches. Gets inserted into the bobbin case/shuttle.
  •  Bobbin Case: Houses the bobbin and locks it into place under the Brother sewing machine needle plate.
  •  Bobbin Winder: I twisted the thread onto the bobbin before insertion into the case. It is located on top of the Brother sewing machine.

Now that we’ve reviewed the main parts let’s go through threading the upper and lower Brother sewing machine thread paths.

Step-by-Step Upper and Lower Threading Instructions

Step-by-Step Upper and Lower Threading Instructions
Photo credit: pexels

Follow these instructions carefully to ensure your Brother sewing machine is threaded correctly:

Upper Threading

  1. At the upper end of the Brother sewing machine, position the spool of thread on the spool pin. If you’re using a vertical spool, put a cap on top to secure it in place.
  2. Draw the thread tail from the spool through the thread guide directly above the spool, ensuring the thread is securely between the metal plates.
  3. Wrap the thread clockwise around the tension spring towards you. Pass the thread between the tension discs.
  4. Bring the thread straight from the tension spring through the take-up lever, which moves up and down with the Brother sewing machine needle.
  5. Thread the needle from front to back, or use the automatic needle threader according to the Brother sewing machine model. Leave a thread tail of approximately 6 inches in length.

Lower Threading

  1. Secure the empty bobbin onto the bobbin winder spindle. Make sure it is firmly in place. Run the Brother sewing machine to fill the bobbin with upper thread.
  2. Remove the wound bobbin and insert it into the case so the thread unrolls counterclockwise. Pass the thread through the slit.
  3. Open the bobbin cover on the front of the Brother sewing machine. Drop in the bobbin case so it clicks into place. The thread should run clockwise.
  4. Holding onto the thread tail, turn the hand wheel towards you to lower the needle and lift it. The thread will catch in the hook.

Following these steps carefully as you thread your Brother sewing machine will help ensure smooth sailing with your sewing projects! But threading troubles can still pop up if you aren’t careful, so keep these handy tips in mind.

Helpful Tips for Proper Brother Sewing Machine Threading

Threading the upper and lower threads correctly takes patience and practice. Here are some tips to support proper Brother sewing machine threading:

  • Always use high-quality thread to prevent breakage or shredding. Polyester thread works best.
  • Check for obstructions in the thread path and remove lint or stray threads.
  • Closely follow your instruction manual for your specific Brother sewing machine model. Machine threading varies.
  • Use the automatic needle threader if your Brother sewing machine has this feature. Less frustration!
  • Thread with the presser foot up so the take-up lever reaches its highest point.
  • Ensure you have the correct needle size for your thread and fabric.

Take it slow as you get started. With time, you’ll thread your Brother sewing machine like a pro! But if you run into trouble, there are ways to troubleshoot and fix common issues.

Troubleshooting Common Brother Sewing Machine Threading Problems

No matter how careful you are, threading mishaps can still happen. Here’s how to troubleshoot some familiar Brother sewing machine threading headaches:

Thread Jamming

This occurs when the thread gets caught in the Brother sewing machine mechanisms. Carefully remove any tangled thread. Rethread the upper and lower threads from the start and ensure threads are correctly seated in the tension discs.

Loose Stitches

If stitches easily pull out, the Brother sewing machine tension needs adjusting. For the upper thread, tighten tension by increasing the number on the tension dial. Test on a fabric scrap first.

Breaking Thread

Frequent thread breaks usually indicate the Brother sewing machine needs rethreading. Make sure thread is flowing correctly through the guides and the needle eye isn’t damaged. Try a better-quality thread.

With some focused troubleshooting, you can resolve any minor Brother sewing machine threading issues. Reach for that machine manual if problems persist and ensure all parts involved in threading are undamaged.


Why is proper threading essential for my Brother’s sewing machine?

Proper threading is crucial for your Brother machine to sew properly and avoid issues like skipped stitches, thread breaks, loose tension, and thread jams. Correct threading provides smooth thread flow.

How do I know what size needle to use when threading my Brother machine?

Consult your instruction manual for the recommended needle size for your fabric type. Skipping stitches, breakage, or snagged fabric can result from using the incorrect needle size.

My threads keep breaking when sewing. How can I fix this?

Frequent thread breaks usually indicate an issue with how the machine is threaded. Check both upper and lower threading paths and ensure the threads are seated correctly. Use quality thread and change bent or dull needles.

Why does my bobbin thread keep bunching up underneath?

This is likely an issue with how your lower thread is threaded. Make sure your bobbin is in the case correctly and threaded adequately through the tension spring.

How do I know if my Brother’s tension is set correctly?

Test your tension on a fabric scrap first. If the bottom thread shows on the top or the top thread on the bottom, the tension needs adjusting via the dial.


Learning how to thread your Brother sewing machine properly is essential for both beginner and experienced sewers alike. By familiarizing yourself with the main upper and lower threading parts, following step-by-step threading instructions, applying helpful tips, and troubleshooting any issues, you’ll be stitching away in no time.

While it may take some trial and error initially, threading your Brother sewing machine will soon become second nature. Patience and practice are essential. You’ll finish projects smoothly with quality thread and undamaged machine parts.

Now that you know how to thread your Brother sewing machine like a pro, are you ready to start sewing? What projects are you excited to try out? Proper threading is the first step to successful stitches and quality seams.


Main image: freepik

Priti Nandy
Priti Nandy
Articles: 169

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